experimental agriculture & horticulture

Guidelines and Recommendations for Authors


Submission declaration and verification

Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, including electronically without the written consent of the copyright-holder. To verify originality, your article may be checked by the originality detection software iThenticate.

For a searchable list of all participating publishers, please visit: http://www.crossref.org/crosscheck_members.html

For a searchable list of all journals in the CrossCheck database, please visit: http://www.ithenticate.com/search/

(Go back top)

Conflict of interest

Authors are responsible for recognizing and disclosing any duality of interest that could be perceived to bias their work, acknowledging all financial support and any other personal connections. All funding sources, including the research funder and grant number, must be given in the acknowledgements section.

(Go back top)

Changes to authorship

This policy concerns the addition, deletion, or rearrangement of author names in the authorship of accepted manuscripts and only is available before the accepted manuscript is published in printed issue: Requests to add or remove an author, or to rearrange the author names, must be sent to the Journal Manager from the corresponding author of the accepted manuscript and must include: (a) the reason the name should be added or removed, or the author names rearranged and (b) written confirmation (e-mail, fax, letter) from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement. In the case of addition or removal of authors, this includes confirmation from the author being added or removed. Requests that are not sent by the corresponding author will be forwarded by the Journal Manager to the corresponding author, who must follow the procedure as described above. Note that: (1) Journal Managers will inform the Journal Editors of any such requests and (2) publication of the accepted manuscript in an online issue is suspended until authorship has been agreed.

(Go back top)


If copyrighted material is reproduced in the manuscript, full attribution must be provided in the text; proof of permission must be sent to the Editorial Office. It is the responsibility of the authors, not the BAPRESS or the editors or reviewers, to ensure that proper attribution is given to material previously published elsewhere. If suspicion is raised about the originality of the material (unattributed to source), the Editorial Office may check the manuscript for plagiarism. COPYRIGHT FORM (PDF downloadable)

(Go back top)

Language and language services

Please write your text in good English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these). Prior to submission, authors who believe their manuscripts would benefit from professional editing, especially from non-English speaking countries, are encouraged to use a language-editing service. A sample list of English language editing companies can be found here

(Go back top)

Open access

The BAP offers you the option of making your article freely available to all via our journal platform. It allows PDF version of manuscripts that have been peer reviewed and accepted, to be hosted online prior to their inclusion in a final printed journal. Readers can freely access or cite the article. We aim to publish accepted manuscripts in our journal platform in two week's time after the final draft completed.

(Go back top)


Article structure

Please provide your manuscript in double-spaced (or 1.5), Times and New Roman font (size 12) left alignment, and Leave at least a 2.5-cm margin on all sides. MS Word (.doc) format is preferred.

A manuscript for a research note should be assembled in the following order: Title, Author(s), Affiliation(s) (if the senior author is not the corresponding order, this is indicated) Key words, Abstract, Abbreviations , Manuscript text, Acknowledgments, References. Tables and figures (JPEG) should be cited in the appropriate area in the text with the legend and numbered consecutively (eg. for figures, Fig 1., Fig 2..... and for tables Table 1., Table 2. etc.).

Review papers should not exceed 25 pages of printed text, including references, tables and figures. A manuscript for a review should be assembled in the following order: Title, Author(s), Affiliation(s) (if the senior author is not the corresponding order, this is indicated) Keywords, Abstract, Abbreviations, Manuscript text, Acknowledgments, References. Tables and figures (JPEG) should be cited in the appropriate area in the text with the legend and numbered consecutively (eg. for figures, Fig 1., Fig 2. ..... and for tables Table 1., Table 2. etc.).

(Go back top)

Essential title information

Title. Concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.

Author names and affiliations. Below the title, list authors: each author's first name, middle initial, surname. Where the family name may be ambiguous (e.g., a double name), please indicate this clearly. Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name and, if available, the e-mail address of each author.

Corresponding author. Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Ensure that telephone and fax numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address. Contact details must be kept up to date by the corresponding author.

(Go back top)


Please provide a short abstract between 150- 250 words. The abstract should not contain any undefined abbreviations or unspecified references. Usually, the abstract summarizes the work reported and does not contain background information or speculative statements.

(Go back top)

Key Words

Please provide 5 to 10 key words in alphabetical order separated with semicolons, not included in the title. using American spelling and avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, "and", "of"). Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible. Scientific or systematic name of plants and fungi etc. should be written in italic. eg. Oryza sativa; in vitro; in vivo.

(Go back top)


Abbreviations and their explanations should be collected alphabetically arranged in a list. Examples: BA- 6-benzylaminopurine; NAA-naphthaleneacetic acid. Some commonly used abbreviations (e.g., DNA; PCR) do not have to be explained.

(Go back top)


This section should argue the case for your study, outlining only essential background, but should not include either the findings or the conclusions. It should not be a review of the subject area, but should finish with a clear statement of the question being addressed. Please provide a context for the report with respect to previous work done in the field. The literature should be cited.

(Go back top)

Materials and methods

Please provide sufficient methodological details to allow a competent person to repeat the work.

(Go back top)


This should highlight the results and the significance of the results and place them in the context of other work. The final paragraph ought to provide a resume of the main conclusions.

(Go back top)


A comprehensive discussion section is required to justify the results. Normally a comparison between your results and results from previous works should be given in the Discussion.

(Go back top)

Tables, Graphs and Figures

Tables, Graphs and Figures should be placed at after-and-near they are referred in the article. For Figures and Graphs or illustrations just use Fig 1., Fig 2. ............etc. For Tables Just use Table 1., Table 2. ............etc.

(Go back top)


Collate acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article before the references and do not, therefore, include them on the title page, as a footnote to the title or otherwise. List here those supporters and individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or proof reading the article, etc.).

(Go back top)


Citation in text

Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Any references cited in the abstract must be given in full. Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. If these references are included in the reference list they should follow the standard reference style of the journal and should include a substitution of the publication date with either 'Unpublished results' or 'Personal communication'. Citation of a reference as 'in press' implies that the item has been accepted for publication.

Web references

As a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given. Web references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list) under a different heading if desired, or can be included in the reference list.

Reference management software

This journal has standard templates available in key reference management packages EndNote (http://www.endnote.com/support/enstyles.asp) and Reference Manager (http://refman.com/support/rmstyles.asp). Using plug-ins to wordprocessing packages, authors only need to select the appropriate journal template when preparing their article and the list of references and citations to these will be formatted according to the journal style which is described below.

Reference style

Text: Indicate references by Authors(Year) in brackets in line with the text.
Example: '..... as demonstrated. Smith, et al. (2000), Brown and Aaron (2001) obtained a different result ....'
List: Number the references (numbers in square brackets) listed, in the alphabetic order of the first authors of references.
[1] Reference to a journal publication:
Smith J, Jones MJ , Houghton LD (2000). Future of health insurance. J. Sci. Commun. 163(2):51–59.

[2] Reference to a book:
Brown B, Aaron M (2001). The politics of nature. In: Smith J (ed) The rise of modern genomics, 3rd ed. Wiley, New York

[3]Reference to a chapter in an edited book:
W. Strunk Jr., E.B. White (2000). The Elements of Style, fourth ed., Longman, New York, Chapter 3:121-169.

[4] Paper presented at a conference:
Chung S-T, Morris RL (1978) Isolation and characterization of plasmid deoxyribonucleic acid from Streptomyces fradiae. Paper presented at the 3rd international symposium on the genetics of industrial microorganisms, University of Wisconsin, Madison, 4–9 June 1978

(Go back top)

Paper template download

Paper Template for Agriculture and Biology: click to download
Paper Template for Economics and Management: click to download
JEL Classification Codes: click to download

(Go back top)


Papers selected and published process

[1] Upon receipt of paper submission, the editor sends an e-mail of acknowledgement to the correspondence author within 6 days. If you fail to receive such a confirmation, your e-mail or submission may be missing. Please contact the editor in charge, at you first convenience.
[2] Peer review. We use single-blind system for peer reviewing; the reviewers' identities remain anonymous to the authors. The paper will be peer reviewed by three experts: one is the editor of Journal, and the other two are external reviewers. The review process may take 3-6 weeks.
[3] Notification of the result of review by e-mail.
[4] If the paper is accepted, the author(s) revise paper and pay publication fees.
[5] After publication, the correspondence author will receive two copies of printed journals from Toronto, canada, free of charge.

(Go back top)

Requirements and Copyrights

Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been publicly published previously, neither is under consideration for publication elsewhere, and that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities, where the work was carried out. And, submission of an article implies that, if accepted, it will not be published in the same form, in English or in any other languages, without the written consent of the Publisher. The Editors reserve the rights to edit the accepted contributions, while the authors will receive proofs for approval before final publication.

The authors retain copyrights for articles published in Better Advances Press, with the first publication right granted to the journal. The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the authors’ responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the authors.

(Go back top)

Thank you for selecting Better Advances Press for your professional needs.